South Circuit Cusco
Tipon - Pikillacta - Andahuaylillas
Departure at 9:00 am with destination Andahuaylillas, a town 45 minutes South of Cusco at an elevation of 3,122 meter msl. Andahuaylillas is famous for its church, the “Sistene Chapel” of Latin America , where we can see fantastic murals of Cusquenian art and golden altars. Then we continue and visit Pikillaqta, a pre-Inca archeological complex of the WARI culture, located at an elevation of 3,200 meter msl between the districts of Oropesa, Lucre and Andahuaylillas in the province of Quispicanchis .
It includes the visit to the complex of Tipon, Pikillacta and the Colonial population of Andahuaylillas. We begin our route by the ruins of Pikillacta to 30 kms. To the South of the Cusco , considered like an archeological group of the Pre Inca time, place where are conserved the narrow streets of the old city.
During the Inka time its name was MUYUNA which means " turn around ", the central population who occupies 50 hectares is provided by walls of 10 meters high by 1.20 of thickness, builded of splintered stone and cover with compact mud; it has three types of houses: Long and narrow with high walls, square with low walls, triangular with caps of plaster stucco. Among these sets of rooms we can find the squares with enormous esplanades and straight and narrow streets of two meters of width at most.
Is observed curiously the total absence of doors and windows. In the whole park we can count 24 archaeological groups among them we can see RUMICOLCA which is a INKA estructure made out of andesita stone, this estructure during the Inka time was a necessary control. Then we will continue to TIPÓN, we will turn aside to the left in the route CUSCO-SICUANI, this important archaeological complex is situated around 25 km away from Cusco . We will appreciate enormous andenes, water fountains and ornamental waterfalls. This place shows its maximun technological expression in hydraulic.
In this itinerary to the south we will also have the opportunity to observe Urcos's beautiful lagoons from CASIARCUNCA's viewing-point we can see that the lagoons have the shape of our national shield, among its vegetation stands out the totora in which live variety of birds and fish. The HUACARPAY lagoon ( 3086 m .a.s.l) has an extensión approximately of 1 km of length and 600 meters of width. Surrounded by a suitable highway for sports such as cycling or aquatic sports for its flat waters. Its vegetation is mainly totora and has a divesrity in birds and fish. After these wonderful experiences we will return to Cusco around 4 pm. Approximately.
- Private transportation to all including transfers to and your hotel
- Guided service by an official tourist guide
- Buffet lunch (when requested)
What's not included:
- Tourist Ticket
- Entrance ticket to the cathedral Andahuaylillas
Continuing the route toward the east of the city, by the road toward Puno, in km 125 is the Raqchi village which belongs to the district of San Pedro the Cacha, province of Canchis . Raqchi is found on the right bank of the Vilcanota River , at an altitude of 3500 mts. ( 11500 ft .). Apparently its pre-hispanic name was “Cacha” and not “Raqchi”. Name which the origins and right pronunciations are unknown. The evidences indicate that Raqchi was a complex village with multiple constructions for various purposes; including farming terraces, "kanchas" (apartments), "wayranas" (buildings having only 3 walls), "qolqas" (storehouses), different shrines, religious water fountains, etc. Possibly, it was an important "tambo" in the route toward the "Collasuyo".
The most important building within the complex is the " Wiraqocha Temple ”, which according to ancient chroniclers was made built by Inka Wiraqocha in homage to the Superior Invisible God of Andean people: "Apu Kon Titi Wiraqocha". Pedro Cieza de Leon collected the tradition telling that the shrine was built after the appearance in this place of a man who began performing miracles, and the village inhabitants had decided to stone him to death; but when going in search of that strange man they found him knelt with his arms extended skyward and immediately after a fire rain fell. Thus, those remorseful men left him free; that strange man was gone toward the coast and got submerged into the ocean waters disappearing forever. Thereafter, construction of a shrine in his memory was decided as well as the sculpture of a stone idol that according to some conquerors that saw it, must had been the image of some Christian apostle that came through these lands. Concerning to the fire rain, it is possible that it referred to some eruption of the presently extinguished volcano "Kinsach'ata" located by the surroundings; there is a great quantity of dried lava (volcanic rock) all around the zone.
The " Wiraqocha Temple " is a grandiose construction for its era. Architectonically it is classified as "kallanka"; that is, a large building completely covered with a thatched roofing (wood and "ichu"); it is outwardly 92 m . ( 302 ft .) long and 25.25 m . ( 83 ft .) wide. Its central wall is manufactured with very well carved stones in the base for a height of about 3 m . and adobes (sun-dried mud-bricks) upwards, it has 1.65 m . of thickness by the base and it had about 1.30 m . by the upper part. Today that wall has 12 m . of height, a century ago it had 15 m . and according to a hypothetical reconstruction consigned by Santiago Agurto originally it must have reached 16.60 m . Its lateral walls had 1.20 m . of thickness and they must have reached about 3 m . of height. Its roofing must have been impressive covering almost 2500 m² with its slope inclination of about 50°. There were circular columns which bases are still found between the central wall and the lateral ones for supporting the roof; those columns had 1.60 m . of diameter and about 9.80 m . of height. Furthermore, in this same site there are some other very important sectors with remains of "wayranas" and a great amount of "qolqas" with walls of "pirka" type.